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an open source database of all discovered extrasolar planets

Gliese 1214

The planetary system Gliese 1214 hosts at least one planet.

  System parameters
Primary system name Gliese 1214
Alternative system names GJ 1214
Right ascension 17 15 19.00
Declination +04 57 50.00
Distance [parsec] 13.00
Distance [lightyears] 42.4
Number of stars in system 1
Number of planets in system 1

ArchitectureArchitecture of the system

This list shows all planetary and stellar components in the system. It gives a quick overview of the hierarchical architecture.

  •  Gliese 1214, stellar object
    •  Gliese 1214 b, planet, semi-major axis: 0.0141±0.0003 AU

    PlanetsPlanets in the system

    This table lists all planets in the system Gliese 1214.

      Gliese 1214 b
    Alternative planet names GJ 1214 b
    Description Gliese 1214 is a red dwarf in the constellation Ophiuchus only 40 light years away. The planet was found with a 40cm telescope and commercially available cameras. New observations from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope show that it is a waterworld enshrouded by a thick, steamy atmosphere. GJ1214b represents a new type of planet, like nothing seen in our solar system or any other planetary system currently known.
    Lists Confirmed planets
    Mass [Mjup] 0.0257±0.0014
    Mass [Mearth] 8.2±0.4
    Radius [Rjup] 0.245±0.005
    Radius [Rearth] 2.74±0.05
    Orbital period [days] 1.580
    Semi-major axis [AU] 0.0141±0.0003
    Eccentricity < 0.2700
    Equilibrium temperature [K] N/A
    Discovery method transit
    Discovery year 2009
    Last updated [yy/mm/dd] 21/08/02

    starStars in the system

    This table lists all stars in the system Gliese 1214.

      Gliese 1214
    Alternative star names GJ 1214
    Mass [MSun] 0.150±0.011
    Radius [RSun] 0.216±0.012
    Age [Gyr] N/A
    Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.39±0.15
    Temperature [K] 3026±150
    Spectral type M
    Visual magnitude 14.71

    Planet sizes

    The following plot shows the approximate sizes of the planets in this system The Solar System planets are shown as a comparison. Note that unless the radius has been determined through a transit observation, this is only an approximation (see Lissauer et al. 2011b).

    PlutoMercuryMarsVenusEarthNeptuneUranusSaturnJupiterGliese 1214 b

    Habitable zone

    The following plot shows the approximate location of the planets in this system with respect to the habitable zone (green) and the size of the star (red). This is only an estimate, using the star's spectral type and mass. Note that if no green band is shown in the plot, then the planet's orbit is far outside the habitable zone. The equations of Selsis, Kasting et al are used to draw the inner and outer boundaries.

    Gliese 1214 b

    referencesScientific references and contributors

    Links to scientific papers and other data sources


    This table lists all links which are relevant to this particular system. Note that this is just a summary. More references to the scientific publications and comments can be found in the commit messages. To see these, head over the github or click here to directly go to the git blame output of this system. In the left column of the output you can see the commit message corresponding to each parameter. It also lists the date of the last commit and the person making the changes. Within the commit message, you will find a link to the scientific publication where the data is taken from. Note that this is a new feature and not all system parameters might have a reference associated with it yet. Please help making this catalogue better and contribute data or references!

    Open Exoplanet Catalogue contributors

    Contributor E-mail Number of commits
    Andrew Tribick ajtribick(at) 1
    Hanno Rein hanno(at) 8
    Marc-Antoine Martinod marc-antoine.martinod(at) 3
    Ryan Varley ryanjvarley(at) 3

    This table lists all people who have contributed to the Open Exoplanet Catalogue. Please consider contributing! Click here to find out how. You can also view all commits contributing to this file on github.

    xmlData download

    You can download the xml file corresponding to this planetary system, which is part of the Open Exoplanet Catalogue. All information on this page has been directly generated from this XML file. You can also download the entire catalogue over at github. If you prefer to download the dataset as an ASCII tables, you might find the oec_tables repository useful.


    If you spot an error or if you can contribute additional data to this entry, please send an e-mail to Please include the corrected xml file and a reference to where the new data is coming from, ideally a scientific paper. If you are fluent with git and github, you can also create a pull request or open an issue on the Open Exoplanet Catalogue repository. Please include the reference to the relevant scientific paper in your commit message.