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an open source database of all discovered extrasolar planets

2M 1938+4603

The planetary system 2M 1938+4603 hosts at least one planet. Note that the system is a multiple star system. It hosts at least 2 stellar components.

  System parameters
Primary system name 2M 1938+4603
Alternative system names Kepler-451, KIC 9472174
Right ascension 19 38 32.6
Declination +46 03 59
Distance [parsec] 401±6
Distance [lightyears] 1307±21
Number of stars in system 2
Number of planets in system 1

ArchitectureArchitecture of the system

This list shows all planetary and stellar components in the system. It gives a quick overview of the hierarchical architecture.

  •  Stellar binary, semi-major axis: 0.0041±0.0001 AU, 0.1258±0.0000 days
    •  2M 1938+4603 A, stellar object
      •  2M 1938+4603 B, stellar object
        •  2M 1938+4603 b, circumbinary planet, P-type, semi-major axis: 0.92±0.02 AU

        PlanetsPlanets in the system

        This table lists all planets in the system 2M 1938+4603.

          2M 1938+4603 b
        Alternative planet names 2M 1938+4603 (AB) b, Kepler-451 b, Kepler-451 (AB) b, KIC 9472174 b, KIC 9472174 (AB) b
        Description 2M 1938+4603 is an eclipsing post-common envelope binary in the Kepler field. Variations in the timing of the eclipses of the binary star have been used to infer the presence of a giant planet in a circumbinary orbit.
        Lists Confirmed planets; Planets in binary systems, P-type
        Mass [Mjup] 1.90±0.10
        Mass [Mearth] 604±32
        Radius [Rjup] N/A
        Radius [Rearth] N/A
        Orbital period [days] 416±2
        Semi-major axis [AU] 0.92±0.02
        Eccentricity N/A
        Equilibrium temperature [K] N/A
        Discovery method timing
        Discovery year 2015
        Last updated [yy/mm/dd] 15/06/11

        starStars in the system

        This table lists all stars in the system 2M 1938+4603.

          2M 1938+4603 A 2M 1938+4603 B
        Alternative star names Kepler-451 A, KIC 9472174 A, 2MASS J19383260+4603591 A, WISE J193832.61+460358.9 A, TYC 3556-3568-1 A, NSVS 5629361 A Kepler-451 B, KIC 9472174 B, 2MASS J19383260+4603591 B, WISE J193832.61+460358.9 B, TYC 3556-3568-1 B, NSVS 5629361 B
        Mass [MSun] 0.48±0.03 0.120±0.010
        Radius [RSun] 0.223±0.004 0.158±0.003
        Age [Gyr] N/A N/A
        Metallicity [Fe/H] N/A N/A
        Temperature [K] 29564±106 N/A
        Spectral type sdBV M
        Visual magnitude 12.7±0.2 N/A

        Planet sizes

        The following plot shows the approximate sizes of the planets in this system The Solar System planets are shown as a comparison. Note that unless the radius has been determined through a transit observation, this is only an approximation (see Lissauer et al. 2011b).

        PlutoMercuryMarsVenusEarthNeptuneUranusSaturnJupiter2M 1938+4603 b

        referencesScientific references and contributors

        Links to scientific papers and other data sources


        This table lists all links which are relevant to this particular system. Note that this is just a summary. More references to the scientific publications and comments can be found in the commit messages. To see these, head over the github or click here to directly go to the git blame output of this system. In the left column of the output you can see the commit message corresponding to each parameter. It also lists the date of the last commit and the person making the changes. Within the commit message, you will find a link to the scientific publication where the data is taken from. Note that this is a new feature and not all system parameters might have a reference associated with it yet. Please help making this catalogue better and contribute data or references!

        Open Exoplanet Catalogue contributors

        Contributor E-mail Number of commits
        Andrew Tribick ajtribick(at) 2
        Christian Sturm Sol-d(at) 1
        Hanno Rein hanno(at) 1

        This table lists all people who have contributed to the Open Exoplanet Catalogue. Please consider contributing! Click here to find out how. You can also view all commits contributing to this file on github.

        xmlData download

        You can download the xml file corresponding to this planetary system, which is part of the Open Exoplanet Catalogue. All information on this page has been directly generated from this XML file. You can also download the entire catalogue over at github. If you prefer to download the dataset as an ASCII tables, you might find the oec_tables repository useful.


        If you spot an error or if you can contribute additional data to this entry, please send an e-mail to Please include the corrected xml file and a reference to where the new data is coming from, ideally a scientific paper. If you are fluent with git and github, you can also create a pull request or open an issue on the Open Exoplanet Catalogue repository. Please include the reference to the relevant scientific paper in your commit message.